Indefinite compound, Bare compounds – Belirtisiz Tamlama, Takısız Ad Tamlaması

Belirtisiz Tamlama (Indefinite compound)- Takısız Ad Tamlaması (Bare compounds)

It is formed without the suffix -ın -in –un -ün (Tamlayan eki) but only with the third person possessive suffix ı, i, u, ü (Tamlanan eki).
Example: cep telefon + u

mağaza sahip + i
Ad Ad + Iyelik

Tamlayan Tamlanan
okul takımı
sınıf kapısının kolu

When two nouns come together and the first one describes the second, only the second noun takes the possessive suffix (third person).The relationship between the two words is not possession but description.

In this case the compound doesn’t denote the owner of a specific shop (mağazanın sahibi, that is to say (bu) mağazanın sahibi but generally the owner of a shop. The difference between the indefinite and definite compound can be easily understood from the omission of the article, for example Shop Owner instead of the shop’s owner .In indefinite compounds“Belirtisiz ad Tamlaması” the modifier takes rarely the plural form .It is usually interpreted with a noun: aile doktoru (family doctor.)

A possessive compound can be possessed by another noun carrying the genitive suffix: aşçının yemek menüsü(menu) or it can form another compound misafir yemek menüsü(menu for guest).In both these examples yemek menüsü has only one possessive suffix although one expects two possessive suffixes. One for forming the compound yemek menüsü and then another, in the first example to relate the whole compound to the genitive aşçının and in the second to form a compound with misafir. This is because there can only be one possessive suffix on any word at one time. What will normally be the last of the possessives is kept and the rest are dropped. For example if we want to say my night dress we must not say gece elbisesim but gece elbisem, the third person possesive suffix is omitted( sı).

El bagajın ağır mı? Is your hand luggage heavy?otobüs durağı nerede? Where is the bustop?

It expresses: a) the kind ,the type, the sort or the nationality of a thing or a person

Examples:

çocuk kitabı children’s book
üniversite öğrencisi student of university
okul araba school car
kadın çanta woman bag
yolcu uçağı passenger airplane
Ankara kedisi Ankara cat
Tavuk çorba chicken soup
kurt köpeği wolf dog
masa örtüsü tablecloth
yüzme havuzu swimming pool
diş fırçası toothbrush
papatya çiçeği daisy
Rus halkı Russian people
yatak oda bedroom
yemek odası dining room
portakal suyu orange juice
madem suyu table water
Kahve fıncanı coffee cup
gezi programı excursion programme
matematik öğretmeni mathematics teacher
nişan yüzüğü engagement ring
sevgiler günü Valentine’s day
kredi kartı credit card

As you can understand the word su (water) has irregugular possesive ending and it becomes suyu.

b) The possessive compound is used when we want to say the names of restaurants, hotels, squares, streets, airports etc.:

İstanbul tren istasyonu Istanbul train station
Selanik havaalanı Thessaloniki airport
Hilton Oteli Hilton Hotel
Taksim meydanı Taksim square
Van gölü Lake Van
arkeoloji müzesi archaeological museum
Boğaziçi köprüsü Bosphorus bridge
Egnatia yolu Egnatia road
İstiklal caddesi Freedom avenue
Aristotelis meydanı Aristotelous Square
Pire limanı Peraeus harbour
Akdeniz iklimi Mediterranean climate

c) occupation, vocation, profession:

Fabrika işçisi worker
Ankara Valiliği Ankara Prefecture
Kadıköy Belediyesi Chalkidona town
Amerika büyükelçisi American ambassador
Meclis Başkanı the president of parliament
İngiltere kralı King of England
Banka şubesi bank branch
Eğitim Bakanı education minister
Bebek hekimi pediatrician
Cep telefonu tamirci mobile craftsman

d) It is used in time expressions in which a date or the name of a day or month is compounded with the noun indicating the unit of time in question.

1982 yılı The year 1982
Pazartesi günü Monday
Şubat ayı The month of February

e) The names of various cooked dishes for example şiş kebap (grilled meat on skewers) kuzu fırın(roasted lamb).

f) We use bare compound nouns for street names. Akgül Sokak, Turna Sokak, Çetin Sokak Güvercin Sokak etc.

Takısız Ad Tamlaması (Bare Compounds)

Compounds in which the first noun specifies the material from which the item is made.

altın gold, golden
bakır copper
demir iron
gümüş silver
cam glass
kağıt paper
tahta wood, wooden
elmas diamond, made of diamonds
deri leather, made of leather
kumaş fabric, made of fabric, cloth
yün wool, woolen
altın küpe golden earring
gümüş tabak silver plate
elmas yüzük ring with diamonds
deri koltuk leather armchair
kumaş çanta bag made of cloth
demir kapı iron door
kağıt bardak paper glass
tahta masa wooden table
taş duvar stone wall
yün çorap woolen sock

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