The Turkish Alphabet

The list below provides a rough guide to the pronunciation of the 22 consonants and 8 vowels in Turkish Alphabet. Only the most prominent aspects of pronunciation are highlighted:

letter Pronunciation
A, a pronounced as a in “cup”
B, b b as in “bit”
C, c j as in “jam
Ç, ç ch as ın “chair”
D, d d as in “deep”
E, e e as in “ten”
F, f as in fit or “full”
G, g as in ‘get’ or “gull”
Ğ ğ either lengthens the sound of the vowel preceding it or is silent between two vowels
H, h h as in “hope” pronounced also in word medial and final positions and sometimes silent between two vowels
I, ı pronounced as a in “among”, “alone” or like –er like in word”letter”
I, i a shorter form of e e as in ‘beet’ or i as in “bit”
J. j s as in “leisure”
K, k k as in “kept”, “cure”and “calf”
L, l as in “lamp” bull “
M, m m as in “milk”
N, n n as in “no”
O, o o as in “off”
0, ö resembles the sound which is produced when e as in “bet” is pronounced with the lips rounded, as in the German sound “ö” or like the vowel in bird
P, p as in “pin”
R, r produced with the tip of the tongue touching the alveolar ridge
S, s s as in” hiss”
Ş. ş sh as in “sheep”
T, t as İn “time”
U, u U as in “cute” or “put”
Üü resembles the sound which is produced when i as in “bit” is pronounced with the lips rounded, as in the German sound “ü”
V, v vas in “very”
Y, y y as in “you”
Z, z z as in “zigzag”

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